What Are Liver Toxins? Essay

880 Words Oct 14th, 2016 4 Pages
What is Liver Toxins in Cats?

Liver toxins, also known as hepatotoxins, are drugs, chemicals and other toxic substances or materials that damage the liver. Though there are many drugs that are well-known for their ability to cause liver dysfunction, the amount of damage that they cause can vary from cat to cat and depends on any pre-existing liver diseases or conditions and the way the toxic substances was metabolized by the cat 's body.

Because the liver is responsible for a variety of function necessary for life, which includes the production of the blood protein albumin, the production of bile that is necessary for digestion and the processing of drugs and chemicals that enter the body, liver toxins can cause death if significant liver damage occurs.

Symptoms of Liver Toxins in Cats

Symptom severity may range from mild to severe depending on the age, breed and overall health of the cat. These symptoms include:

Yellowing of the eyes, ears and mucous membranes (jaundice)
Loss of appetite
Diarrhea
Vomiting
Abdominal bloating due to fluids
Tiny red or purple spots on the cat 's skin (petechia)
Larger bruise-like spots that are blue or purple-colored (ecchymosis)
Weakness
Lethargy
Blood hemorraghing
Coma

Causes of Liver Toxins in Cats

The consumption or inhalation of drugs and toxic chemicals can damage the liver in cats. Some common drugs that are known to be hepatotoxic include phenobarbital, primidone, phenytoin, danazol, lomustine, androgenic anabolics and…

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