Essay on Westminister System of Government in Melanesia

4504 Words Apr 27th, 2013 19 Pages
The beginning of colonization was an era seen in which colonized territories began learning and adopting the styles and the systems of their colonizers. The colonizers especially the Europeans bring in new types of ideas which are now seen as parallel to the old system that has been existed for almost the rest of the entire life before being contact with the Europeans. Thus throughout the world people experience different types of colonial contact and the way their territories were administered with different model of governance being adopted. The places around the globe experience different types of governance in which nationalism was the force behind these which sought for self
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For instance in PNG the elected members or the representatives elect the prime minister. Furthermore if more than half of elected parliamentarians belong to the same political party, then the person appointed is typically the head of that party. Moreover a de facto executive branch usually made up of members of the legislature with the senior members of the executive in a cabinet led by the head of government such members execute executive authority on behalf of the nominal executive authority. In PNG the ministers with ministerial portfolios.
The independent civil service which advises on and implements decisions of those ministers. Civil servants are permanent and can expect merit-based selection processes and continuity of employment when governments change. These are the bureaucrats who held public office in the day-to-day operation of the government. Thus parliamentary opposition (a multi-party system), the opposition to the government which are elected legislature, often bicameral, in which at least one house is elected, although unicameral systems also exist; legislative members are usually elected by district in first-past-the-post elections (as opposed to country-wide proportional representation). Exceptions to this are New Zealand, which changed in 1993 to use mixed-member proportional representation. Israel, which has always used country wide proportional representation and Australia, which uses voting. And also Papua New Guinea uses the preferential

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