Western Europe And The Middle Of A Cultural And Intellectual Revival

914 Words Oct 1st, 2015 4 Pages
In 1579, this document’s year of publication, Western Europe was in the middle of a cultural and intellectual revival known as the Renaissance. An integral component of Renaissance thinking was “natural law”, a moral code applicable to all human beings regardless of social status. Natural law contrasts sharply with absolutism, a form of government in which the ruler has complete governing control over a population and can legislate regardless of the people’s interests. The text appears to be a response to absolutism in Europe that denounces absolute monarchical power, instead favoring humanistic ideas such as natural law and liberty. The author’s implicitly explained background information, his word choice, and the issues addressed imply that this source is an argument against absolutism in Western Europe and an argument in favor of the Renaissance ideas of humanism and the government’s obligation to its people.
The author seems to be from Western Europe, or at least writing for an audience of Western Europeans, discernible by his analogies involving feudalism and his references to Christianity. He relates kings to vassals and God to their superior lord in order to help the reader better understand the superior authority that he believes God has over monarchs. According to the author, one who obeys a monarch’s laws over God’s laws commits rebellion the same way that one obeying a vassal over a superior lord does. Additionally, the author references Christianity when he…

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