Week One Study Guide Anatomy and Physiology Essay

1239 Words Oct 25th, 2012 5 Pages
WEEK 1: AN INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

1. Define the terms anatomy and physiology, and explain their relationship using an example of a human structure with its corresponding function. Anatomy: The branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other organisms, esp. as revealed by dissection. Physiology: The branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of living organisms and their parts. Anatomy and physiology are connected in the way of not being able to understand one without the other. For example, to understand your lungs functions of breathing through physiology, you have to understand the parts and structure of them (anatomy) such as the bronchial tree and
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1. Sagittal – cutting down the body splitting right and left sides. 2. Coronal – splitting anterior and posterior landmarks 3. Axial – splits the body into superior and inferior parts.

11. Designate the five major human body cavities and name the organs within each on a human diagram. 1. Spinal cavity – houses the spinal cord 2. Pelvic cavity – bladder, urethra, ureters, uterus and vagina in female 3. Abdominal cavity – stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, liver, gallbladder, pancreas 4. Thoracic – Lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, and aorta 5. Cranial Cavity – brain, pituitary gland.

12. Describe the anatomical importance of the diaphragm muscle and make sure you can spell it correctly!!!! The diaphragm is important because it regulates the volume of air that the lungs may house, ensures they do not rupture or caves in due to air and oxygen issues.

13. Describe the nine regions of the abdominopelvic cavity and the four quadrants of the abdominopelvic cavity and list the major organs found within each. 1. Right hypochondriac – upper section of the right side (liver, gall bladder, small intestine, colon, kidney) 2. Epigastric – upper central region (esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, intestine, colon, kidneys) 3. Left hypochondriac – upper section of the left side (stomach, small intestine, kidney, pancreas) 4. Right lumbar –

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