Weber's Theory Of Marxism In Max Weber As A Social Action Theory

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Register to read the introduction… He argues that religion can indeed bring about social change; he bases his argument on a Christian group named the Calvinists whom according to him brought about a form of western capitalism. This form of “ascetic Protestantism” (Johnstone, Ronald L. 2004:196) allows for the growth of capitalism because of their belief on disciplined hard work which to them emphasised the Glory of God. This “spirit of capitalism” (Furseth, Inger and Pal Repstad 2006:36) did not allow for the accumulation of wealth but actually encouraged reinvestment back into the society according to Weber. The so called Protestant ethics approach leads him to believe that this led to social change as society turned to mass producing mechanised industries. Another way the Calvinist were able to bring about social change, was thorough the apprehension people had. Calvinists believed in predestination which led to the belief that having a good business or being successful could have indicated that you were one of God’s chosen people. This gives the perception that people were competing over heaven and failure was not an option for people. However, Weber does not limit the growth of capitalism to the Calvinist alone as he is aware of other factors. Weber’s argument must be treated with a degree of caution. Evidence suggests that Protestant nations were not always capitalistic and vice versa. Also many believe that Catholic countries were already flourishing before the breakaway from Catholicism …show more content…
Hamilton, Malcolm B (2001) the Sociology of Religion: Theoretical and Comparative Perspective. London & New York: Routledge. Fish, Jonathan S. (2005) Defending the Durkheimian Tradition: Religion, Emotion and Morality. Aldershot, England &Burlington, Vt: Ashgate. Connolly, P. (1999) Approaches to the Study of Religion. London & New York: Cassell. Johnstone, Ronald L. (2004) Religion and Everyday Life. Alaondon & New York: Routledge. Word
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