A Marxist And Weberian Analysis

Improved Essays
(1800)A Marxist and Weberian Analysis of the Formation of the Stalinist State and the Communist Bureaucracy of the Soviet Union

This economic and sociological study will define the Marxist and Weberian perspectives on the rise of the Stalinist State and the rise of the communist bureaucracy in the Soviet Union. Weber’s definition of “rational-legal authority” in the traditional bourgeoisie capitalist state defines the social traditions of government that Lenin and Stalin sought to eradicate in the formation of a communist bureaucracy. For Weber, the Soviet Union was formed on the principles of the legal state authority of the proletariat (the workers) that rose up against the traditional czarist bourgeoisie to form a communist government
…show more content…
However, Marx viewed the Soviet revolution as an economic process of “historical materialism” that sought to overthrow capitalism and class conflict by installing a proletariat government that would take control of the land, industry, and modernization. Marx’s theory defines the removal of private ownership of industry and the economy from the capitalist bourgeoisie to the state, which would now manage the economy through the collectivist government of the proletariat. Transitional communist policies, such “war communism” were part of Lenin and Stalin’s “purge” of capitalist modes of industry and class orientation that Marx sought to enforce the communist state. In essence, the development of the communist bureaucracy and …show more content…
The exercise of power emerged from the consolidation of bureaucratic leadership under the influence of Stalin over the Communist party. Ironically, this does not sound a collectivist form of governance, since Stalin was eventually held responsible for the starvation of many Russian farmers after he had taken back private ownership rights for the landowners. More so, Stalin enforced a draconian set of rules and regulations that forced the peasant classes to follow the Soviet bureaucracy or be forced into exile or imprisonment. Certainly, these are the dangers of the “modern state” that Weber defines as part of Stalin’s own singular use of force to achieve a more dominant bureaucracy in the late 1930s: “Ultimately, one can define the modern state sociologically only in terms of the specific means peculiar to it, as to every political association, namely, the use of physical force” (Weber, 2015, p.1). Technically, Stalin did achieve the goal of nationalizing the greater portion of the Soviet economy as part of the communist methods of governance that controlled the economy and modernization through the state apparatus. In contrast to Weber’s sociological view of the “traditional” and “charismatic” leadership under Stalin, Marx defines the important aspects of a non-patriarchal social trends in Russian industry that allowed

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    Lenin And Populism

    • 1279 Words
    • 6 Pages

    The revolutionary, Vladimir Lenin, led the Bolshevik Party for the Russian Revolution to achieve a socialist state. Lenin took several parts of the Marxism doctrine and added to it in order to make it more applicable to Russia. He believed in the dictatorship of the proletariat and the class struggle, however, an elite group would lead the revolution, instead of the masses. Along with Marxism, Lenin used other theories and practices to encourage the Revolution. Populism “influenced the tactics and techniques of Lenin and Bolshevism”, Lenin took the idea of promoting self-interest and believing in nothing from nihilism, and he took the use of violence from anarchism, which helped justify the Red Terror (Packet).…

    • 1279 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Further, he argues that this consciousness which is situated in proletariat is due to historical circumstances. Referring to Marx’s historical dialects, he states that that, “consciousness is nothing but the expression of historical necessity” (Lukács 1923). This historical necessity of consciousness compels the proletariat to realize the contradictions and irrationality of a given capitalist society. As the proletariat becomes aware of this irrationality, it will seek to transform society as a communist state. Further, borrowing from the Master-Slave dialectic, Lukács argues that the proletariat has more power to end reification while the bourgeoise might even intensify it.…

    • 757 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    He introduces the New Economic policy as a means of addressing the peasants’ empty bellies, with a caveat given to the Congress of Political Education Departments that this policy would bring capitalism through the gates so to speak. Lenin argued that the only way to prevent capitalism from winning out, the average worker must not only be literate but must have some higher level of culture. In this Lenin is trying to cure the ‘cultural backwardness’ of the Russian people (pp. 12). Eliminating this backwardness is Lenin’s means of disarming the threat of capitalism invited into the country by the NEP, that is the internal threat of Capitalism.…

    • 802 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    They created their own version of a communism, one that would benefit themselves, as well as (they thought) Russia. Among one of those leaders was Joseph Stalin, a dictator who brought many years of isolation, repression, paranoia and gulags to the Russian people. Stalinism greatly differed from Marxism by ignoring the class struggle, and being a communist dictatorship.…

    • 756 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Concepts Of Communism

    • 924 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Long live the revolution!" Under the leadership of Russian communist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, established a new government, the Council of People 's Commissars ("Sovnarkom"), with Lenin appointed as its governing chairman. It evolved to suit the highest government authority of executive power under the Soviet system which came under the control of the Bolshevik. Lenin was the most important figure in this governance structure; as well as sitting on the Council of Labor and Defense, he was on the Central Committee and the lawmaker in the Communist party. His response to the poor economy, he adopted from the Czar was put into place was something named "War Communism."…

    • 924 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Stalinism communism The German Philosopher Karl Marx who created the Marxism ideology. He advocated for political, social, and economic principles. Marx assess the workers to have a revolution against the capital system to eliminate the classes and have an equal rights to everyone. Therefore, the first head of the Soviet Union, the revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, who gave the workers what Marx had in his mind with changes of some crucial aspects of Marx 's in order to fit it into the Russian situation. After the Lenin Dead in 1924, Joseph Stalin took the power of the USSR.…

    • 709 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    When the Bolsheviks announced the formation of a government of Soviet workers and soldier deputies, they believed they were inaugurating the beginning of the transition from capitalism, a system they believed was based on exploitation, inequality and war, to communism. The divergence of statement and fact is one of the basic features of the communist movement. It is the institution of complete control of communication and expression in order to sustain the irrelevent theoretical picture. The communist mentality can be described in essence as a compulsive self-justifying opportunism, where leaders assume full freedoms of action but insist on squaring every step with the varieties of Marxism-Leninism. This viewpoint is a direct opposition to liberalism values, as liberalism stresses the importance of human rationality.…

    • 1564 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Vladimir Lenin, the chairman of the USSR who led the Russian revolution and established the USSR, knew that in order to establish communism the state would have to control the production and distribution of their profit. He also knew that would be ‘state capitalism’ but he believed it was a step to communism since the state was in the hands of workers, the communist party. However, Lenin was killed and Stalin took over. In other words, the state controlled most of the means of production; the people’s surplus was given to the government in order for them to have the right to live normally & access social necessities. The communist party vanished, the communist step became a permanent ‘state capitalism’ and feudalism.…

    • 753 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Marxist Reforms In Russia

    • 1588 Words
    • 7 Pages

    The great forms were more institutional and sought to bring an importance to the benefits and opportunities to the Russian Empire. In particular, the judicial reforms provided the Russian people with a scheme of handling roles. Given the multiple fails of the system, the revolutionary government became unpopular and, as a result, a radical Marxist government led by the Lenin took over. Marxism was predominantly based on feudalism. Hence, at the time of the 1917 Russian revolution, Marxism had gained subsequent popularity since peasants believed that the capitalist framework enhanced poverty.…

    • 1588 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This book outlined their ideas of the Communist revolution and planned out that the only way they could succeed is by a revolution. After reading this book, he analyzed it in his pamphlet “Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism”.2 Based on the writings of Marx and Engels, Lenin created the vanguard party as a means to bring upon the revolution talked about in the Communist Manifesto. According to Karl Marx, because the proletariats weren’t political people they needed a separate group to lead them through the changes needed to bring Communism. After creating the proletariats the vanguard party would usher in the revolution to take down capitalism. After the revolution succeeded they would give the ruling power to the proletariats who would rule over themselves.34 Following Karl Marx’s works, Lenin feared that the capitalists would take over the world and industry would exploit the working class to increase their profits and the wealthy countries would take advantage of the poorer countries.…

    • 910 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays

Related Topics