Water Is One Of The Oldest Methods Of Transport Essay

1638 Words Nov 9th, 2016 7 Pages
Water is one of the oldest methods of transport. Around the eighteenth century, larger farms in the American colonies began to form and produce crops such as tobacco, rice, wheat, indigo, and cotton which were marketable in Europe. This started a trade of these goods with Europe for items such as linens, ink, and finished products. Ocean vessels were used to transport the bulk goods from the colonies and return with the goods from Europe. The goods from the American colonies were considered low-value goods whereas the goods from Europe were considered high-value goods. Therefore the trades produced a much higher return on investment (ROI) per vessel trip. This was the beginning of global oceanic transport logistics.
In addition to the effect on the economy and trade, the ease, convenience, and low cost of transporting goods via water, which stimulated the development of oceanic transport for the purpose of trade, also influenced migration trends as colonists began settling and establishing communities around navigable waterways such as rivers, canals, lakes, and oceans. Goods that were still produced on inland farms were transported via inland waterways to coastal ports and goods shipped by smaller vessels from surrounding ports were transported to New York, Boston, Philadelphia, and subsequently exported on larger maritime ships. The ships from smaller ports then transported imported goods back to the surrounding ports.
A major contributing factor to the low cost…

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