Water Crisis In The Middle East

796 Words 4 Pages
Water is essential for any living organism to thrive in the environment. The problem the world is facing today is the water supply According to the World Economic Forum, a water crisis is the #1 global threat based on impact to society. The world’s population is predicted to increase to 9 million by the year 2050. This has already put pressure on local water resources resorting to decreased water for food, energy, and industrial production. One area in particular who’s suffering from water scarcity due to the type geographical region and political influence is the Middle East. The core area of the Arabian Peninsula, Egypt, Jordan, Palestine, Syria, and Israel is the major world region with the greatest confirmed water deficiency. These countries …show more content…
The annual population growth reached a peak of 3 percent around 1980. Improvements in human survival, particularly during the second half of the 20th century, led to rapid population growth. The introduction of modern medical practices and public health interventions, such as antibiotics, immunization, and proper hygiene, have caused death rates to drop rapidly in the developing world after 1950. While the region inhabits 6.3 percent of the world 's population, it holds only 1.4 percent of the world 's accessible fresh water. Between 1970 and 2001, population growth caused the available renewable fresh water resources per person in the region to drop by more than half: from 3,300 to 1,500 cubic meters per person per year. The Middle East have mountainous areas, including desserts. The annual precipitation ranges from well below 100 millimeters in the desserts to 200 millimeters in the dessert borderlines, with the maximum being 500 mm. The lower the total, the less reliable the rainfall becomes. Due to poor agricultural practices, agriculture remains the major user of water sources in most of the region’s countries. There is a low level of sustainability in the utilization of water in all sectors that use water, typically between 37% and 53%. This has caused problems such as water logging salinity, low productivity, sterile of soil, and the decay of the quality of ground …show more content…
One involving water. Israel has three main sources of fresh water- Lake Kinneret, the Coastal Aquifer along the Mediterranean and the Mountain Aquifer that they shared with Palestine. According to the Israel Water Authority, in 2006, per captia water consumption was 170 cubic meters, compared with 508 cubic meters in 1967, a dramatic decrease attributed to the population growth and the decline of both water availability and agriculture. In 1964, Israel attacked Syria when it began to invade waters reaching the Jordan River. Also, it’s been providing the Palestine Authority more than their initial proposition and is presently supplying Palestinians with 50 million cubic meters annual, despite Palestinian violations of their water-related responsibilities. With this and other supply issues, Israel needs firm action to avert severe

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