Was Slavery A Major Cause Of The Civil War

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1. Although slavery proved to be a major cause of the Civil War, several other factors contributed to the war between Northern and Southern States. The issue of states’ rights became a secondary cause for the Civil War. Southern politicians like John C. Calhoun contended that the states should be able to protect the institution of slavery by canceling out any laws that the Federal Government tried to pass that were unconstitutional. The issue of state’s rights as the cause of the Civil War is further seen in the South, which still held onto the idea of a loose confederation of states as written in the Articles of Confederation. Political turmoil and strife became another reason to the cause of the Civil War. With the potential split in the …show more content…
One strategy that the South used during the beginning of the Civil War was their vast amount of territory that made up the Confederate States of America. With a vast country that stretched from the east coast into the western territories, this would require large invading army to fight in their homeland, which played to their advantage. With the vast amount of territory the nation possessed an invading army would need complex supply lines and a navy large enough to blockade the Confederate coastline. This also required large supply lines to guarantee that the invading army could outfit their troops with clothes, ammunition, and necessities like food (Page 32). The Confederacy’s strategy also relied on the North to be the aggressor while it would defend its homeland in the South. Through this the South would hope to create a protracted war making the North seem like the aggressor. By doing this the South hoped to tire out the Union making their population war weary and begin peace talks with the Confederate government. The North’s strategy involved the invading of the South by blocking its seaports and inland boarders, which first proposed by Winfield Scott and known as the Anaconda Plan (Page 33). Along with going on the offensive, the Northern States were able to do this with the large amount of manpower that they possessed in their ranks along with their heavily industrialized economy that led them to produce weapons and new forms of technology quicker. The North also …show more content…
The first major battle of the Civil War takes place in July of 1861 in Manassas, Virginia. This battle is important because it is the first infantry fighting that takes place between the North and the South. Although, both sides were equal in the amount of troops on the battlefield, the Confederacy succeeded in forcing the Union from the field. This proved to the North that the South was a force to be reckoned with and for a while even hurt the morale of the Northern States politically and militarily. With the Union’s push to take Richmond, the Seven Days Battle would take place and saw Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s efforts to draw General McClellan into a decisive battle. With McClellan stalled by Confederate forces at Yorktown, Virginia, General Jackson is given time to bring his Confederate Army from the Shenandoah Valley to reinforce Lee’s forces at Richmond, which allowed the repelling of McClellan’s advances on the Confederate Capitol. With the victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Lee believed that it was time for the South to go on the offensive to invade the North. Hoping to make a move on Washington and then move even deeper into the north, Lee’s plan is cut short when his battle plans are discovered at one of his abandon camps by Union troops. The Battle of Antietam would come from this leading to a turning point in the Civil War. Though the battle is a tactical draw, it is seen as a political victory for the North. For the first time Lee is forced

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