|Was German “Eliminationist Anti-Semitism” Responsible for the Holocaust? |
|Issue 10 “Taking Sides: Clashing Views in World History” |
German anti-Semitism played the main role in Holocaust and extermination of Jewish population in Europe during World War 2. There are different views on this subject among historians. Some support the fact that German society was anti-Semitic and ordinary
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After careful studying of the subject he draws a conclusion that those Ukrainians and Belorussians acted in exactly the same way as German Police Battalions in Poland, except there were no deportation to concentration camps, only shooting actions on the spot. That fact proves that Germans were not so special in their hatred of Jews, for some reason other European nations felt the same way toward them. This supports Browning’s idea that anti-Semitism was not the main factor in the genocide of Jews during World War 2. As a conclusion of his article “Ordinary Germans or Ordinary Men” Christopher R. Browning states that most Germans didn’t accept anti-Semitism as their main ideology during World War 2. He says that other nations: Ukrainians, Belorussians, and Luxembourgers were behaving in the same way as their German comrades. So anti-Semitism was not the main motive for Germans to commit crimes against European Jews. In Browning opinion all ordinary men would act in the same way if put in that kind of situation. As you can see there are different opinions on was the German anti-Semitism the main factor in genocide of Jews during World War 2 or we should look into other aspects of Germans’ politics and behavior that led to Holocaust.
In this argument, I support Daniel Goldhagen’s side and his idea that German anti-Semitism and hatred of Jews played the main role in crimes against humanity during