Theories Of Social Loafing

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a. Social Loafing- Is when certain individuals exert less effort when working in groups. Social Facilitation- Social Facilitation is when performance increases due to individuals working in the presence of others.
b. Expectation states theory assumes that groups give members who have perceived competency in the task greater status than others. They use diffuse status characteristics and specific status characteristics to place individuals in certain positions within groups. Wilke (1996), found that individuals with positive specific and diffuse status characteristics were more likely to command more authority than those without those characteristics. If a member or members are perceived to have more status characteristics, then they will
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Warren Jeff’s manipulation and power usage toward his followers in the FLDS church indicates a complicated group process relating to status. This is not an instance of a crazy leader brainwashing innocent followers; this is an instance of a high-status actor manipulating power over low-status actors all in the guise of religion. The power of religion is something that many individuals hold as incredibly important in their lives. To religious individuals, their religion and their God/Gods hold a higher status than they do. They listen and seek council from bishops/priests/rabbis because they want the help of someone who has a higher status than them and is more knowledgeable. Warren Jeffs was the leader of the FLDS church and was perceived to have a higher status within the sect because he was their leader. The followers did not see themselves as worshiping Jeffs, but as worshiping God in the way that Jeffs directed. In their world, diffuse characteristics such as gender and age were tools used by Jeffs to manipulate the power he was given. He dictated every aspect of their lives11 because he held that religious high-status over them. Linda Molm studied the use of punishing power. She found that power is best used contingently. In Warren Jeffs’ cult, the most ideal use of power would be to reward someone for doing something right and to punish when someone does something wrong. In a cult, the leader is dependent on the followers for support and the followers, in turn, are dependent on the resources allocated by the leader. In this case, Warren Jeffs would use underage marriages and molestation as a way to check his followers. He would relay to them that the molestation was God’s will, and the followers would accept that it was their punishment. If a man committed a wrong doing, then Jeffs would punish him by marrying off one of his young children or by taking his wife. By removing status from followers, he was building a society that, in order

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