Vygotsky Theory And The Zone Of Proximal Development Essay
Vygotsky is considered one of the fathers of developmental psychology, and often compared to Piaget, who was a contemporary. His most popular theories include the “Sociocultural Theory” and the “Zone of Proximal Development.” These theories still have relevance in today’s world.
Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky was born in Western Russia on November 17, 1896 to a prominent Jewish family. He was one of eight children and went to school at Moscow State University, gaining a law degree in 1917, just before the Russian Revolution. Vygotsky taught literature and philosophy for a few years in Gomel, married Rosa Smekhova, and they had two daughters. He then attended the Institute of Psychology in Moscow in 1924, where he teamed up with Alexi Leontiev and Alexander Luna. (New World Encyclopedia)
Vygotsky wrote six books over ten years, along with numerous papers. He died in Moscow at the age of 38 from tuberculosis, which he caught from a younger brother he took care of. Because his work was criticized by the Soviet Union, it was largely ignored during his lifetime, but by the end of the Cold War his work became available to a Western audience, and was translated into English. (New World Encyclopedia)
In his Sociocultural Theory, Vygotsky states that children learn from social interactions with more knowledgeable members of their society. They learn their culture, which includes the beliefs, values, customs and skills of their social group, through these interactions.…