Vygotsky, Jean Piaget, And Erik Erikson Essay

1012 Words Nov 17th, 2014 5 Pages
People have been studying the development of children for centuries. Their research has helped future generations understand how students learn, behave and their characteristics. There have been many theorists, but four of the most well known are Lev Vygotsky, Jean Piaget, Sigmund Freud, and Erik Erikson. Each one of these theorists has informed practice and the understanding of young children 's characteristics and needs. The understanding of each theorist “helps us to look at the facts from different perspectives” (). Erickson and Freud both believed in psychoanalytical theories whereas Vygotsky and Piaget both believed in cognitive theories. Although they all had their individual theories, each helped with the understanding of child development. Vygotsky’s theory focused a lot on children learning from social interactions that support Developmentally Appropriate Practice because children need to interact with others to develop cognitively and socially. Vygotsky also suggested that children learn in a zone of proximal development, which is, “range of tasks that are too hard for the child to do alone, but can manage with guidance” (). DAP classrooms focus on zone of proximal development because they are focused on the individual child and where their learning level is. Piaget had similar ideas to Vygotsky in child development but was still a paramount theorist. Piaget believed that children construct their knowledge and they are not born with the knowledge. He…

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