Vygotsky And Jean Piaget 's Theory Of Intellectual Development

2239 Words Dec 7th, 2016 9 Pages
Psychologist such as Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget have shown how humans learn and develop throughout the life span (Berger, 2014). A lot of cognitive developmental theories, however, seem to put much focus and emphasis on the early years of life, such as childhood, and then decline on the amount of analysis and information in later life stages such as emerging adulthood and adulthood. Around emerging adulthood when going to college is a valid choice, does any cognitive development happens due to going to college? Around the 1950s and 1960s, William G. Perry, Jr. (1999) conducted a longitudinal study of university students going through their four years of education through a series of interviews and created Perry’s theory of intellectual development of college students or the Perry’s Scheme. Perry’s Scheme is “a theory specially constructed for understanding the cognitive development of [American] university students” (Zhang, 2002, p. 182). Perry (1999) described his scheme as “chronicl[ing] the course of an aesthetic yearning to apprehend a certain kind of truth: the truth of the limits of man’s certainty” (p. 63). In Perry’s Scheme, there are nine positions and those positions are divided into three groups, and the basics of the scheme are that college students start at Dualism, then move onto Relativism, and then achieve Commitment (Perry, 1969 & 1999). The Dualism group is basically a narrow mind way of thinking, Relativism shows that there is no absolute truth, and…

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