1. What are the vulnerabilities of mutual deterrence?
Mutual deterrence means the maintenance of peace between opposing sides by each having a sufficient strike capacity to deter the other from initiating armed conflict. The typical example of mutual deterrence would be the situation during the
Cold War where the U.S and the Soviet Union tried to avoid a hot war throughout the world because of fearing the possible threatening attack from the other side. That is to say, if the Soviets knew that an attack on the U.S would guarantee the equivalent destruction of itself, then the Soviets would be less likely to attack, and vice versa.
Even though the mutual deterrence could help …show more content…
Therefore, even though they are included in the international order and should react when such nuclear war break out, the nuclear deterrence is simply not applicable to them and end up with a few states holding nuclear weapons deciding the world’s fate.
3. How useful are nuclear weapons in today’s world?
1 In system level, by applying the balance of terror, more than one county possess nuclear weapon could help to prevent the outbreak of global nuclear war as each of states will be afraid that other country could give the equal strike back if it launches the war yet lacks the ability to destroy the subject in the first strike.
Therefore, when facing conflicts, states will prefer to choose diplomatic way to negotiate and compromise, which actually provides a good opportunity to promote the global communication and cooperation. In that way, nuclear weapons have the deterrence function to maintain the world peace and stabilize the current international system. 2 In state level, nuclear weapons are the most power instruments for one country to defend its homeland security. By possessing nuclear weapons, a state may also enhance its international status and increase its citizens’ national pride,