Essay on Violence Against Women in Pakistan

4996 Words Feb 1st, 2016 20 Pages
Review Article
Violence against Women in Pakistan: A Framework for Analysis
Parveen Azam Ali1, Maria Irma Bustamante Gavino2
University of Sheffield1, United Kingdom, Aga Khan University School of Nursing2, Karachi, Pakistan

Abstract
Understanding violence against women is as complex as its process. As a perusal of literature shows that most of the explanations were contextually and culturally based, this review attempts to analyze the issue of violence against women using theories applicable within the
Pakistani context. Literature examining the issue of violence against women and its various theories was reviewed. A framework using the determinants of violence against women as proposed, include intrinsic and extrinsic
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Some of the other terms that are used interchangeably to describe the issue include intimate partner violence, courtship violence, domestic violence, domestic abuse, spouse abuse, battering, and marital rape.2 It is difficult to estimate the prevalence of violence against women due to the inconsistency in definitions, under reporting, and lack of epidemiological studies concerning the subject.3,4 However, available

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statistics from around the globe indicate that one out of every three women experiences violence in an intimate relationship at some point in her life.1 In 48 population based studies from different parts of the world, ten to sixty nine percent (10- 69%) of the women reported having been physically assaulted by an intimate partner during their lifetime.5 A woman is battered, usually by her intimate partner; every 15 seconds and more than three women are murdered by their intimate partners every day in the United
States.6 As perusal of literature shows that most of the explanations are contextually and culturally based, this paper attempts to analyze the issue of violence against women using several theories applicable within the
Pakistani context. Literature examining the issue and its various theories is reviewed and a framework using the determinants of violence against women as a unit of analysis is

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