Vincent van Gogh began painting in 1879, and continued until his death in 1890. He died a premature death due to the decay of his mental stability, which led to a botched suicide attempt, causing his death two days later. He painted in the period of post-impressionism, during which he made 750 paintings, 1,600 drawings, nine lithographs, and one etching. Some of his most famous and most influential works include Starry Night, The Potato Eaters, and All-Night Café. Vincent Willem van Gogh was born on March thirtieth of 1853 in the southern Netherlands. His father was a Protestant minister, a point that will show importance in his life later on. At the ripe age of sixteen, Vincent started an apprenticeship at an art dealership, Goupil &
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Vincent threatens Gaugin with a razor and then later cuts off a piece of his own left ear. He gave the piece of ear to a prostitute named Rachel and he asked her, "keep this object carefully."4 He is then admitted to a hospital in Arles and stays there through January 1889. After he is released from the hospital he suffers from a deep depression and admits himself to the psychiatric centre at Monastery Saint-Paul de Mausole in Saint Remy de Provence, Bouches-du-Rhône, France.5
During his stay here the clinic and its garden became his main subject. At this time his work began to be dominated by swirls. This is especially shown in his most famous painting, The Starry Night.
In May 1890, Vincent left the clinic and went to the physician Paul Gachet. Gachet had treated several artists before and had been recommended to him by Pissarro. Vincent's depression deepened, and on July 27, at the age of 37, Van Gogh shot himself in the chest. The immediate result was that he survived, and he returned to the Ravoux Inn. He died there two days later, with Theo at his side, who reported his last words as "La tristesse durera toujours" (French for "the sadness will last forever").
In his career, van Gogh painted approximately 750 paintings, 1,600 drawings, 9 lithographs, and 1 etching. All these works were done in a period of about 11 years (1879-1890). This was during the post-Impressionism period. Impressionism is a light,