Vietnam Country Environment Analysis Essay

3020 Words 13 Pages
Register to read the introduction… There have been many assessments of Vietnam’s environment, particularly in the natural resources management but also with good coverage of urban and industrial issues. The CEA will overview Vietnam’s range of environmental issues, and place the industrial and urban environmental management issues in this overall context. This will include environmental issues, trends, policy context, current programs, and institutional arrangements for environmental management. These will be used to try and establish benchmarks and indicators against which environmental progress has been, or could be, …show more content…
Vietnam Environment Monitors; Vietnam Poverty-Environment Nexus Country Report etc.) by donors (WB, ADB, UNDP, and bilaterals), line ministries, institutes, and NGOs. Also, a public opinion survey will be carried out to gauge public opinion on environmental issues and priorities in Vietnam. Although some relevant information is collected in social assessments and other project preparation tools, there has not yet been a systematic survey of public opinion. Such information would be useful in assessing gaps in national priorities, understanding the issue of trade-offs that inevitably will affect decisions on investments in environmental management …show more content…
Industrial production grew from 20 to 37 percent of GDP between 1990 and 2000, with the some of the greatest growth coming from SOEs, especially in oil and gas, electricity, cement, and garment industry. Because of their contribution to economic growth, starting at the beginning of 1990s, the state enterprise sector has undergone important reforms, which have increased autonomy, imposed a hard budget constraint and established a clear profit motive. In addition, progress in the reform of the regulatory framework for private enterprises and foreign trade has subjected state enterprises to increased domestic and international competition. Yet, these reforms are still incomplete as some state enterprises still benefit from high levels of protection and state subsidies, and the environmental liabilities of the state enterprise sector has yet to be addressed. The CEA will examine these issues in key manufacturing sectors. It will start with an assessment of selected industrial sectors, including their size and growth, profiles of their specific environmental and social typologies based on energy consumption, air and water discharges, waste generation, and health implications. Based on the sectoral assessments, the CEA will provide a forward-looking analysis of the challenges and

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