Vietnam And The Vietnam War Essay
On paper, the Vietnam War was initially between the Vietnamese people and the French. In 1945, Vietnam, lead by communist Ho Chi Minh, declared themselves independent from French colonial rule. The Viet Minh were the members of the independence movement. The French refused to give Vietnam its independence. In 1946, the French and the Viet Minh clashed, officially marking the start of the First Indochina War. Due to the Americanization of the war, it is now colloquially known in the US as the Vietnam War.
France and the US were allies that wanted to protect their capitalistic and democratic interests. The US, in their need to defend themselves from possible Soviet attack during the Cold War, needed to seem tough on communism and a fierce ally. Due to this, then President Harry Truman sent money and resources to the French to help them fight the war against the Viet Minh forces.
In 1955, the French and the Viet Minh signed the Geneva Accords.The agreement was that Vietnam would be split along the 17th parallel, dividing it in half. North Vietnam was communist, and South Vietnam was democratic and under colonial rule. Part of the treaty was that national election to reunify the nation would take place in the following years. However, US-backed South Vietnamese leader Ngo Dinh DIem blocked the national vote and declared himself President…