Vietnam And The Soviet Union Essay

1274 Words Aug 19th, 2016 6 Pages
When a country wants to become independent from its ruling country they most likely go to war, but not many countries go from a war with their ruling country to a war with themselves. This is what happened to Vietnam. Vietnam, a country in Southeast Asia, was ruled by France but then was granted independence in 1954. Vietnam then split into two states, the north being a communist and the south, a democratic republic. During this time, the United States (US), China, and the Soviet Union were engaged in the Cold War. The Soviet Union and China sided with North Vietnam and the United States sided with South Vietnam. Historians disagree about the reasons for the involvement of the United States, the Soviet Union, and China in Vietnam, but ultimately both were involved because of the Cold War.
France has had a colonial ruling in Vietnam since 1874 but almost a hundred years later, they decided to let Vietnam free. After the French left Vietnam, Japan took control in March 1945. However, after less than a year, the French revisited and once again assumed control of Vietnam (Herring 18). The Vietnamese people did not want to go back to French rule, so they wrote the Vietnamese Declaration of Independence in 1945 which stated, "…The whole Vietnamese people, animated by a common purpose, are determined to fight to the bitter end against any attempt by the French colonialists to reconquer their country…” (Halsall). A year later in November 1946, France and Vietnam went to war. In…

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