Vicksburg: A Turning Point In The Civil War

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VICKSBURG: A TIPPING POINT IN THE CIVIL WAR
USAACE
NCOA
SSG Chad M. West
15Z SLC
17-003
SFC Maradol

The Battle of Vicksburg was a collective land and naval battle that ensured a strategic location for the Union Army (Burden, 2000). Although, not as well-known as the Battle of Gettysburg or Fort Sumter, this was a tremendous victory for the Union Army as it helped to establish a much needed supply chain. Also, to note, the actual timeframe of the battle only lasted a couple of months, the push for this small town and port was a year in the making, as multiple attempts were made and failed to take this piece of land. The Battle of Vicksburg, would in turn, be a major turning point and victory for the Union Army. The
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In one of the largest naval operations conducted by an American force, Grant and Porter were able to transfer 24,000 men and 60 guns from the west shore to the east with little to no opposition (Burden, 2000). The rest of Grant’s force fell under Sherman, bringing his numbers to 45,000 as Sherman forwarded that assault on the Mississippi state capital in Jackson. The two armies involved at the Battle of Vicksburg were the Union Army of Tennessee and the Confederate Army of Mississippi. The Confederate Army consisted of roughly 33,000 men and was under the command of Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton, who was a native of Pennsylvania and had chosen to fight for the Confederacy. The Union Army consisted of roughly 77,000 men and, as previously stated, was under the command of Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. This battle would last just shy of 2 months, officially starting on May 18, 1863 and ending July 4, 1863 with many wounded and killed and in the fighting (Wikipedia, …show more content…
Johnston arrived in Jackson, after being ordered to the state of Mississippi to counter Grant’s advances. Johnston and Pemberton concluded that the only way to defeat the Union Army was to sever their supply line to the Mississippi River (Burden, 2000). Pemberton, leaving only 9,000 men at Vicksburg, marched 17,500 men to find the supply line and link up with Johnston. In the process he encountered Grant’s Army marching west resulting in the Battle of Champion’s Hill. Being outnumbered and outmanned, Pemberton retreated and in the process one of his divisions was cut off and ended up joining Johnston in

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