• Visceral Fat is fat around organs. Its function is to insulate and protect organs.
• Subcutaneous Fat is under the skin. This fat protects and insulate our body. Fat (visceral and subcutaneous) stores energy.
• Omega-3 fatty acids have the first double bond on the third carbon counting from the carbon in the methyl end. These are essential fatty acids (our body can’t produce them). Alpha-linolenic is an example of omega-3 fatty acid.
• Omega-6 fatty acids have the first double bond on the sixth carbon counting from the carbon in the methyl end. These are essential fatty acids, because our body cannot produce …show more content…
If diet is low in protein, body own proteins can be broken down to satisfy the organism needs for synthesis of hormones or enzymes to regulate body functions. This process will result in loss of body tissue. If there is no essential amino acid which can be used, the new protein synthesis will stop and the well-being of the organism will be influence by missing hormones, enzymes, antibodies…
There are many different types of vegetarian diet. Some allow the consumption of animal products like milk, cheese or eggs. Some are very specific, allowing only the consumption of fruits and nuts. Vegetarian diet can be low in the nutrient found in red meat (zinc, calcium, vitamin D, vitamin B12, omega-3 fatty acids).
Kwashiorkor is caused by severe protein deficiency.
• Swelling of body tissue (feet and legs), bloated belly
• Stunted weight and height
• Susceptibility to infection
• Dry, flaky skin, change in skin color
Marasmus is caused by severe calorie and protein deficiency. After all far is used up, the body use muscle tissue to cover its energy needs.
• Slow or stopped growth
• Slow metabolism, low body temperature
• Frail, wrinkled body
• Brain development in children is stunt, resulting in learning disabilities
• Can be in adults with cancer, or