Vascular Dementi A Case Study

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Dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life (Alzheimer 's Association®, 2016). According to a study done at Erasmus University Medical School, the likelihood of dementia increases exponentially with age nearly one third of the population aged 85 and over has dementia (Ott et al., 1995). The most commonly heard of form of dementia is Alzheimer 's disease. And although this makes sense, considering it is the most common form, affecting around 5.4 million Americans (Alzheimer 's Association®, 2013) there are other forms that deserve to be recognized. The second and third most common forms of dementia in America are Vascular Dementia and Lewy Body Dementia. Primarily, we will focus on vascular …show more content…
This can help to reduce the rate at which the dementia progresses. Medications may be prescribed to reduce cholesterol, lowed blood pressure, prevent blood clotting, keep arteries clear or control blood sugar. No drugs have yet been found to treat the changes in judgment, memory loss or changes in thought process that occur with Vascular Dementia. However, some drugs, specifically, Cholinesterase inhibitors and Memantine, used to slow the progression of Alzheimer 's may be prescribed to vascular dementia patients, too. (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2014) In a randomized, placebo-controlled study entitled "Efficacy and Safety of Memantine in Patients With Mild to Moderate Vascular Dementia", it was found that memantine actually improved cognition consistently across different cognitive scales, with no deterioration in functioning and behavior (“Efficacy and safety of Memantine in patients with mild to moderate vascular dementia,” 2002) Also, more recent findings in a study done on the effects of another medication prescribed to Alzheimer 's patients, Donepezil, it was found that Donepezil-treated patients demonstrated significant improvements in function and cognition compared with the patients treated with a placebo, and the medication was well tolerated (Wilkinson et al., …show more content…
(LBD Association, 2016) To fully understand this form, we first need to understand what a Lewy Body is. These are abnormal groups or clumps of protein that develop in nerve cells in Parkinson 's disease and obviously, Lewy Body Dementia. This disease shares numerous symptoms with both Alzheimer 's and Parkinson 's diseases, actually, only differing from Parkinson 's disease slightly in its early stages. Therefore, it proves to be quite difficult to diagnose correctly. Also, symptoms develop very slowly, sometimes taking up to two years to reach a level where doctors are able to diagnose it. (LBD Association,

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