Value System In Confucianism

Confucius is a great philosopher and the first teacher in Chinese History. He established a philosophical system—Confucianism, also known as Ruism, which becomes an essential foundation of Chinese philosophy and deeply influences Chinese even East Asian culture. Confucianism is a value system which made clear in the most important book Lunyu, also translated as "The Confucian Analects". The book was written by Confucius ' followers after his death, which is a collection of sayings and ideas by Confucius and dialogs with his disciples. Confucianism emphasized the importance of education, hard work, loyalty, dedication and social order, and is characterized by the Five Constants, or the wǔ cháng (五常), The Five Constants are: rén (仁), yì (義/义), …show more content…
As the book Invitation to World Religions, the authors Brodd et al. conclude that Ren is “the kernel of humanity that exists in all human beings. It is the germ of moral consciousness that enables human beings to form a perfect human order” (256). Ren appeared 109 times in the book Analects; however the concentration of the meaning of Ren was in the dialog between Confucius and his student Fan Chi. “Fan Chi asked about Ren. The Master said, ‘To love all people’ (Analects 12:22). The word here has many meanings including benevolence, humaneness, human-heartedness, love, compassion and kindness. Ren is composed of the character of person (人), a standing person on the left side; the character of two (二) on the right side, the two in here is not a simple number of two, is many and multiple. Sum up that the character 仁indicate the relationship and attitude between people to people. Ren in Confucianism means that in the inner mind in love and compassion for people and with no expectation of receiving anything in …show more content…
One of the saying that expresses Li is “respect the aged and love the young”. This is also considered a social responsibility and behavioral standard from Confucius. A story of “Taste Liquid Medicine for Mother” shows the virtue of Li. During Han Dynasty, the Emperor Wendi would taste the medicine first and then give it to her mother himself. His action is to make sure the liquid medicine was not too hot because the herbal medicine is boiled with water. Another saying that “a teacher for a day is a father for a lifetime” is another manifestation of Li. Teacher in China is honored to “Shifu” or “Master”. Confucius‘s full name is Kong Qiu, but people called him Master Kong or Kong Fu Zi. After death, he is also respected to the first Chinese teacher and worshiped in Fuzi

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