Essay on V. Henderson Theory Critique

1368 Words Jan 1st, 2013 6 Pages
Virginia A. Henderson’s Nursing Theory Critique
Gaylinn Breeze
Maryville University

Abstract
This paper aims to provide an in depth critique of Henderson’s Nursing Theory using Fawcett’s framework for analysis and evaluation of nursing models. This paper will provide an analysis of the theory based on its scope, context and content. Secondly, the paper will provide an evaluation to unearth its significance, internal consistency, testability, as well as provide empirical and pragmatic adequacy. Lastly, the paper will give a detail of its assumptions and limitations.

Virginia A. Henderson’s Nursing Theory Critique Virginia A. Henderson was
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She therefore derived various ideas to support the need for basic approaches in nursing. According to Henderson, patients require Substitutive elements that are specifically provided by the nurse to patients. Substitutive elements were meant for debilitated patients who could not keep the personal concept on course. Moreover, she added that some able patients required Supplementary and Complimentary elements. These needs require intervention of nurses with the patient’s minimal or full strength. She stated that the supplementary needs require the nurse to assist the patient while complimentary needs, required that the patient and nurse work together. Virginia A. Henderson achieved transformative approaches in nursing practice, and most of her strategies in nursing practice were incorporated for the betterment of healthcare provision (Basavanthappa, 2007).
Testability
The theory provides many windows for argument based on the fourteen roles of the nurse. Each role of the nurse is questionable. For instance, in comparison with the Maslow’s theory of needs, each of the fourteen roles can be drawn into a derivative of a hypothetical hierarchy. Empirically, the theory has two significant levels assisted in nursing procedures of the patients. Nursing practices are based on the nursing roles; however, the theory misses the importance of nursing processes (Fawcett, 2005). Although the fourteen roles have

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