October 5, 2013 In his book, Utopia, Sir Thomas More examines the crippled government system in England. He wrote Utopia in 1516, during the reign of King Henry VIII. He takes on this satire through the eyes of his fictional character Raphael Hythloday, where Utopia is described as a society that seems to be the ideal living situation for human beings. A society far more advanced and just.
Raphael believes Utopia’s greatest achievements include becoming the perfect society. As a nation that is based on rational thought, and religious tolerance. Where everything is shared, including your home, a world with great productivity for the greater good of the nation. In Utopia
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The children often take of the trade of their fathers, and if they want to learn another trade, then they are adopted by another family to learn that trade. He explains how General Utopus (the founder of Utopia), decided to separate Utopia from the rest of the world by digging the earth that connected Utopia to the mainland. Only then would he achieve a nation living in true happiness. Raphael points out the injustice committed against thieves. There is no distinction between the severity of crimes in the European justice system, and a man who steals a loaf of bread is given the same punishment as a man who kills. He says, “For as the severity was too great, so the remedy was not effectual; simple theft not being so great a crime that it ought to cost a man his life”. (More, 7) In order to prevent theft, Raphael feels that the people need to be given a way to exist that alleviates the need to steal. He points out that if there wasn’t so much poverty, a man wouldn’t find himself needing to become a thief. Raphael says “ For if you suffer your people to be ill educated, and their manners to be corrupted from their infancy, and then punish them for those crimes to which their first education disposed them, what else is to be concluded from this, but that you first make thieves and then punish them?”(More, 10-11) This argument seems to be a direct attack on the English class system.
The English society is made up of mainly two