Utilitarianism : The Greatest Good And Does The Choices We Live What We Do

883 Words Oct 31st, 2016 4 Pages
Ethics beliefs define the way we live what we do, who we are and the choices we make . Anytime we think about how we should act, or what we should do in a given situation, we are asking ethical questions. By doing this we can identify ourselves as human beings. Visualize this situation authorities get information of a credible threat against an elementary school. The cops says that a terrorist group will take over the school, capture as many students as possible, set off a bomb and kill as many students in the building. They soon capture a suspect, and while he is in custody is it permissible for them to torture the suspect into revealing the whereabouts of a bomb? If you responded yes,chances are you were using a form of moral reasoning called “utilitarianism.” In this paper I will explain how utilitarianism produces the greatest good and does the least harm for all who are affected and how it builds on empathy. Utilitarianism is a universal teleological system that promotes the greatest happiness for the greater number of people. It is focusing on mainly maximizing pleasure and happiness and reducing suffering. John Stuart Mill, sought to distinguish happiness from mere sensual pleasure. Utilitarianism defines happiness in terms of certain types of higher-order pleasures or satisfactions,such as intellectual, aesthetic, and social enjoyments, as well as in terms of minimal suffering. With being a utilitarianism there comes its strengths and weaknesses while also…

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