Utilitarian Ethics Case Study

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Register to read the introduction… Simple put, choose what ever maximizes utility in any given circumstance (Sevenoaks, 2009-13). This method is more self-centered (Driver, 2009). How does the outcome provide utility to the individual making the decisions? This presents the problem of having to analyze every decision to identify which action brings about the great utility. While through this method is very time consuming. The second type of Utilitarianism rectifies this problem.
The second, Rule Utilitarianism, attempts to devise rules, which lead to the greatest utility to the greatest number of people (Kay, 1997). An example of this method would be to establish a rule that states ‘not stealing provides the great utility.’ This method speeds the decision making process up, however it to is subject to problems. To most effectively utilize utilitarianism both methods must be used.
The classic morality question, if a poor/homeless person had to steal food to provide for his family is it right, or wrong. If Rule Utilitarianism were applied, the answer would be wrong, It would not be acceptable to
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With the same scenario, but a slightly different line of thinking a different result will be reached. Take for example a rule of ‘actions should not cause harm to others’; applying that rule Trans Inc would then have to retain their partnership with Medical Inc. Doing otherwise would cause death to unknown future patients. Acting in this manner would bring utility to Medical Inc, as well as future patients. Taking utility away from Trans Inc.
On the other side of the table is applying a rule of always doing what is best for the stockholders. This would then imply to dissolving the partnership, thereby providing the greatest Utility to Trans Inc by removing the risk of liability. This would effectively kill people in the future. Which rule, or action, is correct?
This is fundamentally the problem with Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism requires an assumption that a value is assigned to the benefits and harms resulting from the decisions made (Velasquez, Andre, Shanks, & Meyer, 2012). This result’s is placing a value on human life. What is a human life worth? How would a classical Utilitarian

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