Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Asses the View That Social Class Differences in Educational Achievement Are the Result of School Processes Such as Labelling.

871 Words Oct 27th, 2012 4 Pages
Using material from item A and elsewhere assess the view that social class differences in educational achievement are the result of school processes such as labelling.

Social class is typically known as social grouping or hierarchy based on differences in wealth, income or occupation. In the UK there are mainly two social classes; working class and middle class.
33% of students who are currently on free school meals achieve 5A*-C at GCSE, however 61% of students who are not on free school meals also achieve 5A*-C grades. 90% of the failing school are from deprived areas, and 79% of children from a higher professional family are more likely to go to university, whilst only 15% of children from unskilled and manual backgrounds go to
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Labelling can lead to self fulfilling prophecy where the student will accept the label and do what is expected of that particular label. However, this can advantage working class children to work against their label and achieve the best possible grades. According to the Sutton Trust 80% of ethnic minority pupils aspire to go to university. This goes on to show that labelling working class children can affect their final grade.

Another process that school use that affect educational achievement is streaming. This process is when students are put into groups according to capability. “These processes include the self-fulfilling prophecy, streaming and the formation of pupil subcultures” (Item A). Becker begins to believe that the capability groups are those who will pass, those who might pass and those who will not pass. However, Stephen Ball takes the analysis a step further to abolish banding, in favour of teaching mixed ability groups. This has created new opportunities for schools and teachers. This is to differentiate between pupils on the basis of their class, ethnicity or gender and to not treat them unequally. Therefore showing that streaming is a major factor in underachievement.

Finally Self-fulfilling prophecy can

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