Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess the View That Working Class Children Underachieve Because They Are Culturally Deprived.

941 Words Mar 26th, 2015 4 Pages
Q. Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that working class children underachieve because they are culturally deprived.

Do working class children underachieve because they are culturally deprived? Cultural deprivation is the notion that the underachievement of working class children in exams is a result of their home background and parent’s failure to socialize them into the skills and values required for educational success. The three aspects of cultural deprivation are: Intellectual development, Language and Attitudes and Values.

One of the aspects of cultural deprivation is Intellectual Development, which is the development of thinking and reasoning. Working class children may be less intellectually developed
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It has been proven that middle class children perform better at school due to the fact that they have an Elaborated Speech Code, as this is the same language used by the teachers, in textbooks and in exams. Early socialization into the elaborated Speech Code means middle class children are fluent of the language when they start school, making them feel ‘more at home’, making them more likely to succeed and leaving middle class children at a distinct disadvantage, labeling them as underachievers. However, it has been criticized that this theory blames the victims for their failures and that teachers should accept the working class restricted speech code and incorporate this into teaching and the learning environment.

The third, and final, aspect of cultural deprivation is the Attitudes and Values, the parent’s attitudes and values that have a key influence in achievement of the children. Douglas found that working class parents placed less value on education and were less encouraging. He found they were less ambitious for their children and there was a severe lack of attendance at parent-teacher meetings. However, Blackstone & Mortimore argue that working class parents may attend fewer parent teacher meetings because they work longer or less regular hours. Similarly, Feinstein found that middle class parents gave their children motivation, discipline and support

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