Using L1 to Teach L2 Essay

5303 Words Feb 27th, 2011 22 Pages
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Using L1 to teach L2

Table of contents

Abstract __________________________________________________3
Introduction ______________________________________________ 4
Chapter 1. Theoretical Background ____________________________6
1.1 The communicative language teaching approach _______________6
1.2 Should we use L1 in the communicative language classroom?_____7
1.3 The existing mixed views of using L1 in CLT _________________9
1.31 When to use L1 in the foreign language classroom ____________11
1.32 When not to use L1 in the foreign language classroom _________15

Chapter 2. The Present Research ______________________________18
2.1 The Research Question __________________________________18
2.2 Method
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Communicative competence is a term in linguistics which refers to a language user's grammatical knowledge of syntax, morphology, phonology and the like, as well as social knowledge about how and when to use utterances appropriately. The term was coined by Dell Hymes in 1966.CLT places great emphasis on helping students use the target language in a variety of contexts and places great emphasis on learning language functions. Its primary focus is on helping learners create meaning rather than helping them develop perfectly grammatical structures or acquire native-like pronunciation. This means that successfully learning a foreign language is assessed in terms of how well learners have developed their communicative competence. This can loosely be defined as their ability to apply knowledge of both formal and sociolinguistic aspects of a language with adequate proficiency to communicate.( Nunan 1991)
A crucial principle of the communicative approach is to use the target language as much as possible, and to avoid using the students' L1. However, in practice, L1 is used in many so called "communicative" foreign language classrooms. In the following section I discuss the question of using L1 in the communicative classroom.

1.2 Should we use L1 in the communicative language classroom?
Michael Swan (1985) states that the question of whether or not to use students’ first language (L1) in the

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