Use Of Literary Devices Used By W. Somerset Maugham, The Gift Of The Magi

1575 Words Sep 18th, 2014 7 Pages
The Effects of Literary Devices on Short Story Endings
Literary devices naturally have certain effects on stories written. An author uses many of these devices to portray an emotion or image that sets the reader up for the whole story. All of the devices that an author uses creates and sets up the ending of the story which is always the end goal. Without these various devices, an author cannot truly write an eventful story. The three short stories --- The Appointment in Samarra by W. Somerset Maugham, The Gift of the Magi by O. Henry, and The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant --- all use literary devices to depict certain emotions that ultimately lead to the shock endings portrayed in the stories.
The imagery in the stories provides details that show the reader urgency, sacrifice, and greed in which each character acts that certainly lead to the startling endings. In The Appointment in Samarra, imagery portrays a sense of urgency that lies within the merchant’s servant. In the story, the servant has found out that he has been jostled by Death in a market place and turns to the merchant for help. The merchant gives him a horse and the servant “digs his spurs in its flanks and as fast the horse can gallop he went” (1). The imagery the author uses in this sentence allows the reader to feel the sort of urgency that the servant feels that makes him escape. This same urgency leads the servant to Samarra where Death is waiting for him which is found out by the reader to be the shock…

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