Since the creation of the United States government, political lobbying has played a large role in influencing the creation and modification of laws. The act of lobbying is to solicit or try to influence the votes of members of a legislative body (Dictionary.com). There has always been controversy surrounding the political lobbying system, due to the potential of corruption through bribery. Two important pieces of legislation became laws as a result of this controversy. The Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act of 1946 and the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 were created to prevent potential abuse within the political lobbying system.
The purpose of lobbying is to communicate to public officials the special interests of specific groups.
…show more content…
He believes that the reason for this large discrepancy is the lack of reporting by the lobbyist registration system (Fang). The concern among individual citizens is that their voices, and opinions, are not heard by their elected public officials. This is because the average individual, or groups of average individual citizens, cannot compete with the amount of money donated by corporations to specific political campaigns. The lobbyists political contributions and all expense paid trips are not supposed to influence the behavior of public officials, although it can be debated whether this is the case.
In 1946 the US government passed the first lobbyist registration law, the Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act. The purpose of this law was to establish a system of lobbyist registration and disclosure. It was believed that if this information was public knowledge, public officials as well as ordinary citizens would be able to better gauge how much weight should be given to each lobbyist's arguments (CQ Almanac 1967). Section 308 of the law detailed who must register, how to register, and what information they must provide:
Any person who shall engage himself for pay or for any consideration for the purpose of attempting to influence the passage or defeat of any legislation by the Congress of the United States shall, before doing anything in furtherance of such object, register with the Clerk of the House of Representative and the Secretary of the Senate and shall