Urbanization In Hong Kong Case Study

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Register to read the introduction… In the 1950s, there were many wealthy Chinese moved to Hong Kong illegally due to the civil war. After 1997, the SAR government launched a new migration scheme which allows 150 mainland residents move to Hong Kong every day. According to Census and Statistics Department, the percentage of net migration to total population increased is 71.5% in 2005. The problem of not enough housing estates for the rapid growth in population arosed. Other than that, the growing number of locals moved from rural areas to urban which led to rural-urban migration. The reason behind is that in rural areas, there are lack of community facilities and medical service which are the push factors. The developers, however, provide many attractions to attract people live in urban area. For example, Harbour One ,which is built by Emperor Ivestment Limited and located in Hong Kong Island West, is highly accessible by buses, minibuses, trams and West Island Line. It provides an excellent quality of the property and club house facilities. Residents can enjoy the superb views of Victoria Harbour. There are also many well-known traditional secondary schools nearby such as King's College and Ying Wa Girl's School. With a nice living environment, plenty of facilities and a high living standard in urban area, more people are eager to move to urban area. This causes a further increase in urban population and adverses the problem of inadequate living …show more content…
It aims to improve the living environment in old disticts and use the land more effectively. It is not only carried out by the government, but also involved the participation of property developers. There are four major strategies for urban renewal, they are redevelopment, preservation, revitalization and rehabiliatation. For example, Shanghai Street in Mong Kok were mixed land use before redevelopment. The density is high, and there were lots of environmental problems. After jointly redeveloping by the government and Great Eagle Holdings Limited, Langham Place is built in the same area and with lower density. The environmental problems are less serious. Preservation is to preserve some buildings with unique historical and cultural value. Western Market has some architectural features that worth to be preserve. Although the property developer carried out a redevelopment project on it, the chatacteristics are still retained. Revitalization is to retain the original architectural features of the building and improve the living environment. Li Chit Street is a good example of it. Rehabilitation is to maintain the buildings in the old district. Many property developers who bear social responsibility assist the owners to improve the built environment. 'Blue House' which is located inWan Chai is the result of rehabilitation with the help of property developers. These reflect that the property developers join hands with the government to redevelop the urban areas which contribute much to the urban

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