Urbanization And Obesity

1225 Words 5 Pages
Obesity is now not only an epidemic in America but a worldwide public-health crisis with increasing high cost for the economy and poor medical consequences. Recent study shows that more than 90% of people asked say that individuals and parents are somewhat or completely to blame for the rise of obesity. But what make one person more or less responsible than other. When we divide the world into groups according to their gender, income, background, race, we can see a clear difference that would hardly be explained based mainly on personal cognition. The fact that environment and the socioeeconomic 's bond was so close knit that create such "fast food culture", such word imply a long established behavior and mentality, make it harder for consumers …show more content…
Urban planning has a profound effect on the balance between energy intake and expenditure. The transition in social and physical environment affect diet and physical activities considerably. People spend more time eating away from home because of work and travel distance and this establish an eating pattern in the population. Neighborhood environment is also related to people diet and energy expenditure. More supermarkets and fast food restaurants are built than community sport field and fitness centers, as well as playgrounds for children (Popkin et al., 2005). The modern commerce, advanced by the technology in food production and transportation, has introduced a mass of low-cost, energy-dense foods in the domestic food market of many developing countries. Marketing campaigns also play an important role on food purchasing patterns in these countries (Caballero, 2007). “Self-regulation” is the perfect idea that the marketing section aims to sell. Come with the idea that people can change this trend all by themselves are books and guidelines with examples of French, Japanese or Mediterranean women who are said to never get fat or old. By creating guilt in people, marketers are able to sell both the healthy and unhealthy products (Roux, …show more content…
This trend is now moving rapidly to developing countries namely China and Mexico (Caballero, 2007). It seemed like a well known fact that obesity is a problem affecting only the wealthiest nations, but recent study shows that even developing countries are increasingly plagued by the expansion of waistlines. History perspective offer an overall pattern of weight gain that has been affected by industrialization, urbanization and globalization. Urbanization and globalization of processing, selling and marketing are factors that are closely associated with the spread of obesity epidemic over the world. Developed countries with established urban planning see the negative impacts of a food environment through poorer diets and less physical activities, which mostly due to the increasing exposure to mass media and densely populated areas. Rise in obesity rate correlates highly with urbanization and globalization. Food environment changes significantly because of the intensive market exploitation in developing countries. People in Asia are in rapid transition to capitalism and cannot realize and aware the effects of its to food environment, thus vulnerable to obesity epidemic. Under rapid economic development, the trend in workforce and family structures changed accordingly with the active

Related Documents