Urban Tourism Essay

3209 Words Aug 3rd, 2010 13 Pages
Impacts of Urban Tourism: A Case Study of Cape Town


For many countries, tourism is regarded as a new activity. It is becoming one of the most crucial social and economic activities. The increase in the demand for urban tourism or tourism in cities has occurred over the last few decades (Paskeleva-Shapira, 2003).However, the literature on urban tourism is still relatively new (Tyler, Guerrier, and Robertson, 1998; Timur and Getz, 2008).

Urbanisation is a global process. It is defined by Johnston (1981, P.363) as ‘a process by which: first, an increasing proportion of an area’s population become concentrated in its statistically defined urban places.’ It is a vital force leading to ‘development of towns and
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During the first half of 2008, it is stated that there has been a growth in employment. A sharp increase in tourism sector increased from 3.3 per cent in the first quarter to 5 per cent at the end of the first half of 2008 (ibid). This also suggests a higher level of tourism and hospitality of the country.

And when there is more investment in the city, definitely, opportunities for service industry occurs, contributing to more employment opportunities and revenue distribution. Brennan (2004) state that the Land and Agriculture Policy Centre (LAPC) revealed that 5 percent of South African people were directly and indirectly employed in the sector of hospitality (ibid). In addition, at the beginning of the new millennium, the numbers of people employed would increase from 810,000 to 1,060,000 (ibid).

As a consequence of the growth in urban tourism of the city, hotels and tourist accommodation which are mushrooming in the city, business tourism such as design, media, and filming, publishing, arts and crafts are seen as the key business of the city (Pirie, 2007). Pirie (2007, P.225) further states that in Cape Town, significant opportunities arise ‘in construction, niche accommodation, and car renting, coach transport, tour guiding, personalized touring, trip management, holiday planning, facilitation service and marketing .’ The city develops its ‘shoppertainment’ to attract more visitors (Pairie, 2007; P.231). The

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