Urban Poor And The Great Recession Essay

1036 Words 5 Pages
Jordan Massey
Urban Poor and the Great Recession One of the biggest impacts on the urban poor in my lifetime, let alone the last five years is the great recession that started in late 2007, early 2008 because of a housing market correction and a subprime mortgage crisis. We will focus on how the great recession affected the urban poor as it relates to William Julius Wilson’s theory. When the great recession hit in late 2007 and into early 2008 because of the hosing market and subprime mortgage crisis it left many Americans scrambling for work. Business had to cut back and layoff employees to cut costs and many of the middle to lower classes were found jobless. According to the Department of Labor, roughly “8.7 million jobs were shed from
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Unemployment rose from 4.7% in November 2007 to peak at 10% in October 2009.” Since the unemployment rates were high, jobs were extremely scarce and we are still seeing some the affects of that still today. The culture that is taking the direct hit to this is the urban poor, especially in the ghettos. When I personally think of the urban poor, the first culture or neighborhood that comes to mind are ghettos. William Julius Wilson refers to the urban poor as the underclass. The primary issue facing member of the underclass is joblessness reinforced by an increasing social isolation in an improved neighborhood. Wilson says that ghetto neighborhoods jobs are very scarce and the quality of education in these neighborhoods fails to create any legitimate opportunities for the poor. Ghettos are usually made up are people who have …show more content…
Low educated workers quickly became out of work when the great recession hit because companies had to cut expenses, which unfortunately meant that many works in the work force had to be laid off. The first culture to be affected by the great recession was the people living in the urban city ghettos. This shift in the economy had a great effect on the unemployment segregation rate in African American communities since the majority of the populations in these neighborhoods are low skilled, low educated people. With the increase, it also increased racism against the African American communities since a significant proportion of this population worked in low skilled manufacturing trades. “This increase in unemployment is further compounded by secondary social structural variable, included institution racism again the African American community as evident in unjust housing policies and discrimination in labor markets. In particular, Wilson argues that discriminatory federal housing policies after World War II drew middle class whites to suburbs and, in effect, trapped blacks in the inner cities” (Canto 2008). When blacks became trapped in the inner cities after World War II like Wilson stated, the urban ghetto community quickly grew sine many of the middle class whites had moved to suburbs. Wilson claims a spatial

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