Upper Respiratory Infection ( Urti ) Essay

800 Words Nov 20th, 2015 4 Pages
1. Upper Respiratory Infection (URTI). Most often transmitted by hand to hand/surface contact with lack of hand sanitization, and droplet transmission, resulting in multiple etiologies such as rhinovirus, coronavirus, and other viral origins. Patients may present exhibiting the following symptoms including sore throat, cough, nasal congestion, fever, dyspnea, thick and increased colored sputum production, headache, rhinorrhea, and/or fatigue. Most of this is due to the immune system triggering a response to an irritant/viral infectant. Most commonly URTIs can be treated with nasal decongestant, cough suppressant, and over the counter pain relievers if necessary. If the patient presents malnourished, immunodeficient, with chronic disease or as a tobacco smoker then any of these factors would place them at greater risk for acquiring such URTIs. When treated with medication, in combination with rest, most patients find the URTI will resolve in time; however, the patient is placed at greater risks for developing complications such as lower respiratory infections, pneumonia, bronchitis, COPD exacerbation, otitis media, or rhinosinusitis.
2. Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis that is most commonly seen in COPD patients that smoke tobacco. Commonly to originates from a virus. Patients may present with cough, congestion, dyspnea, increased sputum production, and or febrile. Perform chest x-ray to rule out pneumonia. Treated with inhaled bronchodilators,…

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