Up The Movie Drive Theory
The movie begins in 1940. Carl Fredrickson is a little boy and a dreamer who idolizes the adventurer Charles Muntz. When he meets Ellie, who grew up in a small Midwestern town and also looks up to Muntz, they become close friends. However, Charles Muntz falls into disgrace, because he was accused of forging the skeleton of the monster of Paradise Falls. He travels in his blimp to South America and vows to bring the monster back alive but is never seen again. Eventually, Carl grows up and falls in love with and then marries Ellie. They promise each other that they would travel together to Paradise Falls and build a house there. Many years later, …show more content…
DRIVE THEORY: In psychology, a drive theory or is a theory that attempts to define, analyze, or classify the psychological drives or motivation. It is purely dependent on physiological states. Biological needs arising within our bodies create unpleasant sates of arousal- i.e. thirst, hunger, fatigue, etc. A drive is an "excitatory state produced by a homeostatic disturbance" an instinctual need that has the power of driving the behaviour of an individual. Humans engage in these activities to eliminate these feeling and return to a balanced biological state i.e. homeostasis. Can be extended to drives for stimulation, status, achievement, power and forming relationships. Drive theory is based on the principle that organisms are born with certain psychological needs and that a negative state of tension is created when these needs are not satisfied. When a need is satisfied, drive is reduced and the organism returns to a state of homeostasis and relaxation. According to the theory, drive tends to increase over time and operates on a feedback control system, much like a …show more content…
CANNON-BARD THEORY: Walter Cannon and Philip Bard proposed their own theory of emotion, which stated that emotions and bodily changes do not share a cause-and-effect relationship. I.e is not dependent on each other. But rather, they occur simultaneously, following a stimulating event. Thus, the stimulus is perceived at both a physiological and the subjective level. People recognize the emotions and simultaneously undergo physiological responses such as perspiring, trembling and tensing of muscles.
Example: when Ellie is told that she is unable to have children, she feels sad, and buries her face in her hands and cries simultaneously.
II. JAMES-LANGE THEORY: William James and physiologist Carl Lange proposed the idea that challenged common sense beliefs about emotion. This idea, which came to be known as the James-Lange theory, is that people experience emotion because they perceive their bodies’ physiological responses to external events. This theory suggests that different physiological states correspond to different experiences of emotion. For example, in the event of an automobile accident event such as an automobile accident leads to bodily changes such as increased breathing and heart rate, increased adrenaline output, and so forth. These changes are detected by the brain and the emotion appropriate to the situation is experienced. In this example of the automobile accident, fear might be experienced as a result of these bodily changes