Unlawful Non Citizen Case Study
Should the Australian Government keep ‘unlawful non-citizen’ children in mandatory detention for processing?
Provide a brief background discussion of your chosen ethical question that explains why it is important and in need of analysis.
An ‘unlawful non-citizen’ is the term used by the Australian Government to describe any persons attempting to enter Australia without a valid immigration visa (Department of Immigration and Border Protection 2015). Under Australia's Migration Act 1958, unlawful non-citizens are to be transferred to immigration detention centres to determine identity, health status and visa eligibility (Department of Immigration and Border Protection 2015). The Department …show more content…
Analyse the ethical question using act utilitarianism.
The ethical theory of act utilitarianism focuses on the process of forecasting both positive (rise in net utility) and negative (fall in net utility) consequences from the facts and assumptions of an ethical act. If an act maximises net utility for the greatest number, then it is deemed ethical under this theory – the end justifies the means (Cunningham & Lamberton 2015).
Forecast of positive consequences:
2,184 ‘unlawful non-citizen’ children travelled to Australia between 1 July 1999 and 30 June 2003 (Australian Human Rights Commission 2004). The population of Australia at 30 June 2003 was 19.9 billion people (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2006). Therefore, by keeping 2,184 ‘unlawful non-citizen’ children in mandatory detention for screening, the Australian Government reduced the potential health and security risks to 19.9 billion …show more content…
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