United States Military Pilot And Service Act Essay
Until the formation of the Tuskegee Airmen, no African American has ever been a United States military pilot. The Tuskegee Airmen were created in 1939 from the Civilian Pilot Training Act which gave African Americans the right to get a civilian pilot’s license through a rigorously separated program, where blacks and whites could not train together.
In 1940 congress and President Roosevelt approved the Selective Training and Service Act also known as the draft law. According to this statute, the army would finally admit African Americans into combat units, but only on a segregated basis.
The Tuskegee airman “destroyed 111 enemy planes in the air and damaged 25. It destroyed 150 enemy aircraft on the ground; damaged 123. The group also destroyed 57 locomotives, damaged 67; destroyed 58 boxcars, damaged 506; sank one destroyer; sank 16 barges and boats, damaged 24 others; destroyed 2 oil and ammunition dumps, one radar installation, 6 motor transports, 3 gun implacements, 15 horse drawn vehicles, damaged 7 tanks on flat cars; destroyed 3 power…