Essay on Unit 8 P1
The behaviourist perspective which psychologists used to explain all human behaviour came from two main authorities Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) and Burrhus Frederic Skinner (1904-1990). Both Pavlov and Skinner believed that all types of behaviour were as a result of the learning process. This process of learned behaviour includes personality traits, like confidence, shyness, optimism, pessimism, happiness and depression. Pavlov’s theory of learning is called classic conditioning. In his work with dogs, he attaches monitors to the dog’s mouths and stomachs so he could look at the production rate of saliva so that he could understand their digestive systems. During his work one of his assistants brought some food …show more content…
An example of this theory could be demonstrated in a nursery situation where each child is given stars based on the amount of time they sat quietly and listened to the story. Each child would receive a star but those that sat longest would receive more stars. At the end of each week the number of stars each child had gained was then replaced with a treat, perhaps free play outside or fruit pieces.
Social Learning Theory
Social learning theory demonstrates how our social