Unit 8 P1 and M1 Essay
Assignment front sheet
Unit number and title
Level 3 BTEC National Diploma in Health and Social Care (QCF)
Unit 8 – Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social care.
Learner name Assessor name
Kamila Patrycja Zgadzaj
Date issued Hand in deadline
5th December, 2014
15th December, 2014
Explain the principal psychological perspectives and assess different psychological approaches to study.
In this assessment you will have opportunities to provide evidence against the following criteria.
Indicate the page numbers where the evidence can be found.
To achieve the criteria the evidence must show that the learner is able …show more content…
I certify that the evidence submitted for this assignment is my own. I have clearly referenced any sources used in the work. I understand that false declaration is a form of malpractice.
Learner signature: Kamila Patrycja Zgadzaj Date: 15/12/14
The approach is based on Sigmund Freud theory. He believed that events in childhood affect the individual in their adult life. He believed that abnormality in individual raises from lack of free will due to the unconscious and childhood experiences.
It lays its focus on the personality factors (ID, EGO, SUPER-EGO,) defence mechanisms (such as denial,) and psychosexual development (such as phallic stage.)
Freud is the ‘founder’ of psychoanalysis- therapy consisting of dream analysis, free association, and slips of tongue.
The approach started with an idea of genetics and evaluation, by Charles Darwin.
The significance within the biological approach is the focus on the DNA, the chromosomes, hormones and the brain that has an influence on our daily behaviour.
It is believe that most behaviour is inherited and has an adaptive (or evolutionary) function. For example, it is believe that schizophrenia is affected by the levels of hormone ‘dopamine.’