Unit 331 Case Study

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Unit 331
Outcome 2 Understand the factors that influence children and young people’s development and how these affect practice.
2.1Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by range of personal factors.
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if child or young person is from another country. The child or young person may have come from a home schooling environment. They may need additional support until they have settled in.
2.3Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice.
Piaget:
Piaget’s theory results in specific recommendations, for example with children or young people in the sensor motor stage, teachers should try to provide a rich and stimulating environment with ample objects to play with. On the other hand with children in the concrete operational stage, learning activities should involve problems of classification, ordering, location conservation, using concrete objects.
Piaget identified four stages in cognitive development which is: -
Sensory Motor Stage (infancy) intelligence is demonstrated through motor activity without the use of symbols. Knowledge is limited, based on physical interaction s/experiences. Physical development allows them to develop new intellectual abilities and speech begins to develop.
Pre-operational stage (toddler and early childhood) is demonstrated through the use of symbols, language, matures, memory and imagination are developed but thinking is
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a child who learns that it is enjoyable to work with construction toys will want to repeat this again and again. Children are praised for working at a particular task; this may also reinforce their desire to repeat the experience. Skinner stated that good experiences are positive reinforcement by praising and encouraging, also giving them tasks they can carry out successfully. So, learning is said to take place because the reinforcement is pleasant, satisfying, tension reducing and so on. Skinners observations of the effectiveness of incremental training of animals led him to formulate the principles of programmed instruction of human students, in which the concept of reward or reinforcement, giving them the incentive to

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