BTEC National Diploma in Health and Social Care
Unit 22: Research Methodology
Task 1: P3
In this assignment I am going to be creating a table comparing the different research methodologies in health and social care.
Research methods are “the various specific tools or ways data can be collected and analysed, e.g. a questionnaire, interview, etc.” (Neville, C, 2007). Methods | Advantages | Disadvantages | Validity | Questionnaires are “a series of questions asked to individuals to obtain statistically useful information about a given topic” (Bryant, L, 2014). There are different types of questionnaires that include face to face, phone, post and online. | -Practical-Large amount of information from a large amount of
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| -Participants may respond what the researcher wants them to say rather than what they really feel or think-They can be very time-consuming.-Different researchers may interpret the response of the participants differently.-Participants information may not be truth or not accurate to the real event-Recording what the people are saying may be difficult i.e. note-writing affects flow of conversation and tape recording may put people off.-Interviews may produce too much data which may be not useful (Moonie, Stretch, et al, 2003). | For structured interviews, the validity is not very high because it is not easy to get a great depth of information because there is not much scope for the interviewer to ask highly detailed, complex questions (Bryant, L, 2014). | Scientific Experiment is widely used to obtain data in biological, psychological and natural science research investigations.The different types of experiments include laboratory experiments, field experiments or clinical trials. | -They produce very reliable data which can be measured by repeating the experiment under the same conditions-The quantitative data obtained can be analysed statistically which makes the researcher able to compare whether differences occur in the data-‘Scientific’ status of experiments gives them a lot of status and