Essay on Unit 201

971 Words Jun 24th, 2013 4 Pages
Unit 4222-245 Understand the context of supporting individuals with learning disabilities (LD 201)

OUTCOME 1 Understand the legislation and policies that support the human rights and inclusion of individuals with learning disabilities.

1.1. Identify four legislation and policies that are designed to promote the human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities

National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990; Disability Discrimination Act 2005; Equality Act 2010; Disability Equality Duty 2006. Procedures and Polices of the organisational kind are; Department of Health 2001.

1.2. Explain how this legislation and policies influence the day to day experiences of individuals
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After the act they were moved into smaller residential homes where they lived as part of the community with activities for development and much more individual care or they lived at home with their family with a package of care to support their individual needs. They got generic social workers i.e. specialising in learning disability, support workers so that they could be integrated into schools (SEN support etc) or the community, respite care and holiday breaks..........and so on. With the latest legislations being in use, people with disabilities can even now be in relationship and have their own family personalisation on person centred care, direct payments etc. Services are now tailored to provide what the individual wants rather than what is available i.e. client led rather than service led.

Outcome 4 Understand the basic principles and practice of advocacy, empowerment and active participation in relation to supporting individuals with learning disabilities and their families.
4.1 Explain the meaning of the term ‘social inclusion’
Social inclusion is defined as one where all people feel valued, their differences are respected, and their basic needs are met so they can live in dignity.
4.2. Explain the meaning of the term advocacy.
Advocacy is helping people to say what they want, secure their rights, represent their interests and obtain services that they need.

4.3. Describe different types of advocacy

- Informal advocacy: often

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