Understanding The Pathophysiology, Laboratory, Diagnostic Testing And Nursing Interventions For Graves ' Disease

766 Words Feb 11th, 2016 4 Pages
Understanding the Pathophysiology, Laboratory, Diagnostic testing and Nursing Interventions for Graves’ Disease
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) (2012), “Graves’ disease, also known as toxic goiter, is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism in the United States”. Hyperthyroidism is a disorder that occurs when the thyroid gland makes more thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) than the body needs. The thyroid gland helps control how the body uses energy. When there is a problem with the thyroid becoming hyperactive in producing hormones, then it can affect several of the bodies systems. The thyroid gland makes hormones that affect metabolism, brain development, breathing, heart rate, the nervous system, body temperature, muscle strength, weight, skin dryness, menstrual cycles and cholesterol levels.
Pathophysiology
Graves’ disease is classified as an autoimmune disorder. According to the NIDDK (2012), with Graves’ disease, the immune system makes an antibody called thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) that attaches to thyroid cells. TSI mimics TSH and stimulates the thyroid to make thyroid hormone. People with immune disorders are found to be at a greater risk of developing Graves’ disease. Conditions associated with Graves’ disease include type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and vitiligo. According to the NIDDK (2012), Graves’s disease usually occurs in people younger than age 40 and is seven to eight more times…

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