Understanding The Geology Of Mars Essay

1235 Words 5 Pages
To understand the Geology of Mars, or any other planet, it is necessary to have knowledge of formation of the Universe that lead to the assimilation of galaxies and all contained within them. This is essay will look at the beginning of the universe and the chemical reactions which led to the formation of stars, planets, moons, asteroid belts, comets and meteorites. Then, focusing on Mars, discuss the planets geological features and the instruments used to study them, from its inner core to upper atmosphere. This information will be used in a comparative analysis with Earth to see if Mars’s past can offer any clues to Earth’s future and where life came from.

The Big Bang theory is a widely accepted idea as to how the Universe was born. It is the theory that all matter in the universe was compressed into an immeasurably small space “The matter and energy are so densely packed that 1 teaspoonful of space contains 100 million trillion trillion trillion pounds” (www.cfa.harvard.edu:2014) all this matter exploded and began to expand outwards. The initial temperature of this explosion was more than (>) 1 billion degrees Celsius (°C). Within five minutes the universe had cooled sufficiently to allow Hydrogen (H), H atoms had formed and went through the fusion process to combine and form Helium (He). This entire process is known as “Big Bang nucleosynthesis” and created almost all atoms that exist today. The accumulation of atoms formed large clouds called nebulae…

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