Essay on Understanding Child and Young Person's Development

2424 Words Jun 1st, 2012 10 Pages
Unit 3 Understand Child and Young Person’s Development

All children are unique and a lot of their developmental milestones happen naturally as they get older, however some can be affected by different life factors, such as health, environment and background and more specific skills can be learnt and encouraged. There is an expected pattern of development but all children are individual and therefore the rate will vary.

There are four categories of development:

Physical Development (Birth - 1 year) - The development of control over one's own body in both gross and fine motor skills is the infant's primary physical task, culminating toward the end of the first year in walking.
(1-2 years) - The infant perfects the gross
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The child develops an understanding of rules. Rules are relied upon to dictate proper social behaviour and to govern social relationships and activities.
(12–19 years) - Social relationships in early adolescence are centred in the peer group. Acceptance by peers is critical to self-esteem. Most peer relationships are still same-sex.
Young adolescents become interested in sexual relationships, but most contact is through groups. Some may begin to experiment with sexual behaviour, but many early adolescents are not sexually active with others.
During middle and late adolescence, values become individualized and internalized after careful consideration and independent thought.
Friends are more often selected on personal characteristics and mutual interests. The peer group declines in importance, individual friendships are strengthened, and more will "date" in one-on-one relationships.

Emotional Development
(Birth - 1 year) - The development of basic trust, a derivative of the positive attachment between the infant and the primary carer, occurs during the first year. This is a cornerstone of emotional development.
(1-3 years) - Children develop self-concept, experiencing pride and pleasure at being "good" and embarrassment, shame, and distress at being "bad."
(3-5 years) - The child is intrusive, takes charge, is very curious and continually tries new things, actively manipulates the environment, and is self-directed in many

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