Essay about Typhoon Haiy Vulnerabilities And Resilience
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On November 8th, 2013, the Philippines faced a disaster with tremendous impact. Typhoon Haiyan was a devastating super storm that affected the islands of the Philippines, especially Tacloban city. According to Barmania (2014) the typhoon, that had wind speeds around 150 mph, killed 6200 and displaced 4 million people, leaving the country in despair.
Characteristics of typhoon Haiyan and Tacloban City:
The characteristics of typhoon Haiyan were very specific and the physical setting of Tacloban city amplified the impact of this super storm. In general, typhoons are tropical storms consisting of intense winds, flooding and rain. As Bower and McCabe (2014) suggest, they form over warm ocean water that has a temperature of at least 80-degree Fahrenheit. In case of typhoon Haiyan, the ocean water had 86 degrees for over more than 300 feet of depth. Evaporation begins to start over this warm ocean water and as the vapour moves upwards it starts to cool again. As a result, clouds are forming. The warmer the water, the more intense the storm can become. As Earth is rotating the cloud system starts to spin counter-clockwise and the storm is formed (Bower and McCabe 2014).
Bower and McCabe (2014) point out that shear winds and atmospheric pressure are variables that influence the intensity of a typhoon heavily. Warm air rises up around the eye of a typhoon, which is basically the centre of the storm, like smoke…